The Company Act in Italy consists of a series of important acts, laws and regulations that function as a guideline for the incorporation, governance and dissolution of a company in Italy. An investor who wants to open a company in Italy must observe the relevant legislation and comply with the legal requirements.
-company governance: the duties of directors in Italy and those of the Boards in the company;
-shareholder’s rights and protection;
The Company Act also specifies the characteristics of each type of company, its mandatory minimum share capital and the manner in which shares can be distributed. There are significant differences for companies which are not listed on the Stock Exchange and those that are listed.
Corporate compliance in Italy
Each company in Italy must observe the rules for corporate governance: both the ones issued by the Italian authorities and the internal rules set by the company’s bylaws.
In Italy, the public authority that supervises the legal activity of companies is the CONSOB or “Commissione Nazionale per le Societa e la Borsa”. The Italian National Commission for Companies and the Stock Exchange is the government authority responsible for regulating the Italian securities market. This Italian company act includes the regulation of the Italian stock exchange.
When hiring employees in Italy, the business owners must observe the Labor Law in Italy. The Labor Law has been developed to regulate and mitigate the social problems caused by the industrial revolution and ranges from the rulings on the relations between employer and employee to the ones that imply labor relations (proper object of trade union rights) and finally to those related to social insurance and welfare.
The employment contract will govern the relationship between the employer and the employee. Both parties will need to fulfill their contractual duties and, in case of termination, observe the legal grounds for terminating the agreement.